With a heat index forecast to hit triple digits for an extended period of time on Tuesday, a heat advisory is in effect today from noon through 9 p.m. for western Suffolk County.
According to the National Weather Service, Tuesday afternoon into the evening will hit the hardest, and “adverse health affects will be possible if the proper precautions are not taken.”
A heat advisory is issued when heat and humidity makes it feel between 100 and 104 degrees for at least two consecutive hours.
The NWS cautions that individuals reduce outdoor activity and know the signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
According to the American Red Cross, heat exhaustion, more common than heat stroke, can often be spotted with cool, moist, pale or flushed skin. Dizziness, nausea, and headaches can also occur.
The Red Cross states that heat stroke can result in red skin, rapid pulse, rapid, shallow breathing, and loss of consciousness.
The Red Cross has a list of things to do while in cases of extreme heat:
- Listen to a NOAA Weather Radio for critical updates from the National Weather Service (NWS).
- Never leave children or pets alone in enclosed vehicles.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol.
- Eat small meals and eat more often.
- Avoid extreme temperature changes.
- Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-colored clothing. Avoid dark colors because they absorb the sun's rays.
- Slow down, stay indoors and avoid strenuous exercise during the hottest part of the day.
- Postpone outdoor games and activities.
- Use a buddy system when working in excessive heat.
- Take frequent breaks if you must work outdoors.
- Check on family, friends and neighbors who do not have air conditioning, who spend much of their time alone or who are more likely to be affected by the heat.
- Check on your animals frequently to ensure that they are not suffering from the heat.